Is the iCOR compliant with ASTM standards?
There is no standard available yet for the corrosion rate measurement based on the patented CEPRA technique. Giatec iCOR® is the only product on the market that doesn’t require the connection to the reinforcement to obtain corrosion rate. In addition to corrosion rate and resistivity, the iCOR® also provides a standard half-cell measurement unit for corrosion potential measurement; the half-cell measurement is optional as it requires connection to the reinforcement. The standard for corrosion potential measurement of rebar in concrete is ASTM C876.

How does concrete cover thickness affect the readings?
The user needs to input the cover thickness in the software for corrosion rate measurement. The range of cover thickness can vary from 1 cm to 9 cm (0.4 to 3.5 in) with an increment of 1 cm (0.4 in).

How are the colour schemes defined on the reading dashboard and the counter maps?
The color scheme is based on the standards and commonly accepted values in the industry.

Corrosion Potential: The colours are based on the relationship between the potential values and corrosion probabilities described in ASTM C876. Please refer to Table 6 in the user manual.

Concrete Electrical Resistivity: The colours represent the ranges published in various research studies conducted between 1983 and1992. For details refer to Table 4 in the user manual.

Corrosion Rate Mapping: The colours represent the range of values generally accepted as indusrty norms for the classification of the severity of rebar corrosion in concrete. For details, please refer to Table 5 in the user manual.

How does the moisture of concrete affect the iCOR® results?
iCOR™ measurements are sensitive to the concrete moisture. The dryer the concrete is, the higher the electrical resistivity values, the lower the corrosion rate and more positive the corrosion potential will be. Pre-wetting the concrete surface is required before the use of any corrosion measurement. In the case of iCOR®, a wet connection between the electrodes and surface of concrete through sponges is required to obtain reliable measurements.

Can one still do the measurements with perpendicular and parallel cracks on concrete?
The iCOR® applies an electrical current between the two outer electrodes; any cracks or non-conductive layers will disturb the flow of current into concrete. Narrow surface cracking will not affect the results,but any wide and deep cracks perpendicular to the measurement could adversely affect the data or even cause errors in the measurement.

Why can’t I save the measurements on the software?
If the measurements are not valid, an “ERROR” message will be displayed. If the values are out of range, the software will display an “out of range” error message. In those two cases, the software will not allow you to save the measurements.

How do the cover thickness and rebar diameter affect the results?
The effect of cover thickness and rebar diameter will be compensated in the iCOR® algorithm for corrosion rate measurment if the cover thickness and rebar diameter are defined properly in the software.

What is the concept behind the iCOR® corrosion measurement technique?
iCOR® uses the patented CEPRA technique for corrosion rate measurement. Please refer to this document for more information.

Can we do transverse reinforcement measurements?
The iCOR® benefits from the directional measurement capability which allows you to do the measurement in both vertical (Y) and horizontal (X) direction.

Can the size of rebar be updated later?
No, the size of the rebar is defined in the project and cannot be updated later during the measurments. Changing the rebar diameter will affect your corrosion rate measurement. You need to create a new project in order to change the rebar diameter.

What kind of electrode is used in the iCOR® for corrosion potential measurement?
The iCOR® uses a solid-base Ag/AgCl electrode for the half-cell measurement. This is a maintenance- free electrode capable of doing upside down measurement and also less prone to contamination due to chlorides. Ag/AgCl has a fixed potential offset compared to the Cu/CuSO4 electrode; the iCOR® software accounts for this difference and presents the results in mV/CSE (i.e., Cu/CuSO4 Electrode) as per the ASTM C876.

What kind of maintenance is required?
iCOR® is a maintenance-free device. Simply make sure it is kept clean and always carry it in the secure case provided to avoid any accidental damages. After the use of the half-cell, the electrode storage solution needs to be applied on the sponge, and the cap needs to be closed properly to maintain the electrode in good condition for the next use.

What is the maximum grid size?
The maximum allowed grid size is 25x25. Be aware that a grid size with a large aspect ratio (greater than 3), for example, 2x10 points, may adversely affect the quality of contour maps.

What is the battery life and charge time?
The battery life of the iCOR® can last for a day of testing and takes 4 hours to recharge completely. The battery level of the iCOR® is displayed on the top right corner of the application. For power saving, the iCOR® disconnects and turns off after five minutes of inactivity. The tablet can last for 5 to7 hours of continuous usage (screen turn-on time). It is recommended to charge the tablet and the iCOR® before each testing project on the jobsite.

What types of reports can I obtain from the software?
The application provides you with an option to export the data as PNG (only contour map), PDF report (general information about the project and the main results) and .csv (raw and analyzed data for each measurement points). The documents can be shared by email, Drop Box, etc.

Can I do a measurement on epoxy coated rebar?
The iCOR® applies an electrical current between the two outer electrodes; any non-conductive layer will cause interruption in the flow of current into concrete. If the epoxy on the bar is perfectly intact, no measurement would be possible.

Where can I find more resources about concrete corrosion?
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  5. Andrade, C., Castelo, V., Alonso, C., & Gonzalez, J. (1984). The Determination of the Corrosion Rate of Steel Embedded in Concrete by the Polarization Resistance and AC Impedance Methods. Corrosion Effect of Stray Currents and the Techniques for Evaluating Corrosion of Rebars in Concrete, 43-63.
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  8. ASTM C876-91(1999). Standard Test Method for Half-Cell Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing Steel in Concrete.
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Where can I find more information on electrical resistivity of concrete?
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About Giatec Scientific Inc.

Giatec is driving breakthrough innovations in the concrete industry, bringing real-time data on concrete performance to the forefront of every construction jobsite. Their suite of hardware and software products, including non-destructive testing technologies, IoT solutions, and wireless sensors, analyze data throughout concrete’s lifecycle, helping to build structures faster, safer, and more economically.

Combining wireless concrete sensors and mobile apps, Giatec has developed smart IoT-based technologies, like SmartRock™ concrete maturity sensors, for real-time monitoring of concrete properties. This provides critical information to contractors so they can make efficient and informed decisions on the jobsite, ultimately saving time and money. Ready-mix producers also leverage the SmartRock™ Plus cloud, which gives them access to concrete performance data to optimize their mix designs. Learn More

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