Behavior of corrosion-damaged RC columns wrapped with FRP under combined flexural and axial loading

This paper presents the results of a research program aimed at investigating the effectiveness of carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRP) to upgrade corrosion-damaged eccentrically loaded reinforced concrete (RC) columns. A total of 16 square RC columns with end corbels were constructed. Test specimen had an overall length of 1200 mm whereas each end corbel had a cross section of having longitudinal steel ratio of 1.9%. The damaged specimens were exposed to 30 days of accelerated corrosion that corresponded to a steel mass loss of about 4.25%. The main test parameters were the CFRP repair scheme (no wrapping, full-wrapping, and partial-wrapping) and the eccentricity-to-section height ratio (0.3, 0.43, 0.57, and 0.86). The strength of the damaged columns fully wrapped with CFRP was up to 40% higher than that of the control undamaged columns. The strength gain was inversely proportional to the eccentricity ratio. Partial CFRP-wrapping was 8% less effective than full CFRP-wrapping at nominal values, the confinement level had a negligible effect on the columns’ strength. An analytical model was then proposed to predict the columns’ strength under eccentric loading. A comparative analysis between predicted and experimental results demonstrated the model’s accuracy and reliability.